What is the difference between recording a video and shooting stills? What are the things we need to pay attention to when we are doing a vide story? The chapter 13 of Kenneth Kobre’s book Photo Journalism: The Professionals’ Approach provides great tips for video beginners.
(1) One journalist is playing multiple roles in today’s newsrooms. The assignment of photojournalists is not limited to shooting still photos any more. They also need to record videos, report or produce stories. There are worries upon this phenomenon. Technical quality or accuracy of the story may be jeopardized. That requires that traditional reporters update their toolkit and that traditional photojournalists improve their reporting skills (page 308, 309, 310, and page 311).
(2) It is important that we should make sure there is a story before we shoot the video. A good way to do that is to conduct an interview with the subject before recording the video. We can decide whether we can get some engaging stories from this subject through the interviews (page 312).
(3) When we do video stories, we should also keep basic reporting necessities in mind. We should remember that opposing viewpoints do matter in the video story because we are in the journalism field instead of public relations section. Providing opposing viewpoints avoids partiality and imbalance (page 313).
(4) Shooting stills is about catching a moment but shooting videos is about recording the sequence. Moment needs to be put into a context in videos, so things before and after an action or a moment is important (page 314).
(5) I like the comparison that “Shooting video is like composing a symphony.” The way materials are gathered, structured and integrated depends on what kind of stories we want to tell. We should know what kind of shots we may need in order to produce a fluent and interesting video and should integrate them in a way that tells an engaging story (page 314).
(6) We should avoid colliding images when we shoot videos. Colliding images such as a band walking from different sides can be confusing to viewers. One of the good ways to solve that problem is to provide transitional shots which explains the positions or directions visually (page 327).